Lima, Peru: Huaca Pucllana | More Ruins in the Middle of the City [Day 33]

Day 33 | Friday, November 25, 2016

Yes, it is Black Friday in the United States and believe it or not we have seen several stores with signs in their windows advertising Black Friday sales here in Lima. However, they don’t appear to open before the crack of dawn. 

Today is a business as usual day in Peru but Steve has the day off because he is keeping the same schedule as his team back in the United States. So, we are going to do some more exploring today.

Since landing in Lima we have discovered that there is an additional set of ruins right smack in the middle of the city in the Miraflores district, Huaca Pucllana. We are walking back to Miraflores (about an hour walk from our apartment in San Isidro) to tour Huaca Pucllana today.

Huaca Pucllana Facts & History

Currently Huaca Pucllana occupies about 14.83 acres in the middle of a residential and commercial area of the Miraflores district of Lima; per historical documents it is thought that Huaca Pucllana was once about 45 acres in size. It is predominantly made of handmade rectangular adobe bricks which are dried in the sun. Once dried they are placed upright next to each other like books on a shelf. Amazingly this style of construction is quite earthquake-proof. It has withstood several 7.9 and higher earthquakes through the years.

Huaca Pucllana was built between 500 – 700 A.D. by the Lima people. It served both ceremonial and administrative purposes. The administrative section is made up of small buildings, squares, ramps, patios and storage rooms. The ceremonial section is mostly made up of the pyramid which is 1,640 feet long by 328 feet wide and 72 feet high. The Lima people seemed to live a simple and peaceful life fishing, farming, gathering and hunting, manufacturing crafts, textiles, baskets and tools for agriculture and fishing. The Wari culture seemed to bring about the abandonment of Huaca Pucllana by the Lima people around 700 A.D. Waris used Huaca Pucllana as a place to bury their elite and around 1,000 A.D. the Waris recede from the area and the Ychsma begin using the ruins as temporary shelter for people traveling to the coast or along the network of roads that existed. They also used it as a place to bring offerings and as a graveyard.

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